|No.||Name||Kilometers into the race||Length||Rating|
|19||Trouée d’Arenberg||162||2400 m||*****|
|8||Templeuve – L’Epinette||223.5||200 m||*|
|8||Templeuve – Moulin de Vertain||224||500 m||**|
|4||Carrefour de l’Arbre||240||2100 m||*****|
– First ever rider to take the victory was Paul Deman, back in 1913, when he needed 12 hours, 3 minutes and 10 seconds to complete the 324 km-long course
– Six riders share the record for the most wins (3): Tom Boonen, Achiel Buysse, Fabian Cancellara, Eric Leman, Fiorenzo Magni and Johan Museeuw
– Belgium leads in the nations standings, with no less than 69 victories
– Other countries to have a winner are Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Slovakia, Switzerland and United Kingdom
– Five of the 100 editions didn’t have a Belgian rider on the podium: 1951, 1961, 1981, 1997 and 2001
– Briek Schotte and Johan Museeuw share the record for the most podiums: 8
– The legendary Briek Schotte is also the rider with the most starts (20 in a row) and the most finishes (16), but the latter record is shared with Frederic Guesdon
– Youngest ever winner is Rik Van Steenbergen, 19 years and 206 days (1944); oldest one is Andrei Tchmil, 37 years and 71 days (2000)
– 1920 – when Jules Van Hevel notched the win – saw the lowest average speed: 26,105 km/h
– Highest average speed – 43,576 km/h – was recorded in 2001
– The first edition was also the longest one: 324 kilometers
– First ever hill to feature on the course was the Tiegemberg, back in 1919
– Only once throughout history De Ronde had less than 200 kilometers, in 1941 (198 de kilometers), when Achiel Buysse won the race for the second time
– Five reigning world champions racked up a victory in De Ronde: Louison Bobet (1955), Rik Van Looy (1962), Eddy Merckx (1975), Tom Boonen (2006) and Peter Sagan (2016)
– 1919 saw the largest winning margin: 14 minutes between Henri Van Lerberghe and Lucien Buysee
– The only cyclist to take three wins in a row is Fiorenzo Magni (1949-1951)
– Five riders have won the amateur, as well as the pro Ronde van Vlaanderen: Roger Decock, Edward Sels, Eric Vanderaerden, Edwig van Hooydonck and Nick Nuyens
– Last Grand Tour champion to take the victory here was Gianni Bugno, in 1994
– Gent is the only city that has hosted both the start and the finish of the race
– 1944 was the last year in which the Tour of Flanders ended on the velodrome
– In 1984, only Phil Anderson and Jan Raas made it to the top of the Koppenberg without walking, the main reason for the ordeal the riders had to endure being the deteriorating state of the cobbles
– First cyclist to ride over the Muur was Fiorenzo Magni, in 1950
– The last rider to win from a day-long breakaway was Jacky Durand, in 1992
– 25 teams (18 World Tour and 7 Pro Continental) will be at the start of the 102nd edition
– Of these, Roompot, Sport Vlaanderen-Baloise, Verandas Willems-Crelan and Wanty-Groupe Gobert are winless this season
– 26 nations will have at least one representant in the peloton, with Belgium providing the most riders, 45
– Youngest competitor in the race is Julien Mortier (20 years), while the oldest one is Mathew Hayman (39 years)
– Four former winners will line up at the start: Stijn Devolder, Philippe Gilbert, Alexander Kristoff and Peter Sagan
– Pascal Eenkhorn, Jeremy Lecroq, Julien Mortier, Patrick Muller, Jan-willem Van Schip are the five neo-pros who’ll make their Monument debut at De Ronde
– Of the riders at the start, Stijn Devolder has the most participations: 17, including the one of this year
– The peloton of De Ronde van Vlaanderen have won a combined total of 4 Grand Tours, 19 Monuments, 9 world titles and over 90 Grand Tour stages
– “La Primavera” was first raced in 1907, when Lucien Petit-Breton took the victory
– The only time the race has not been held was due to war, in 1916, 1944 and 1945
– The inaugural edition had 33 riders at the start, only 14 of them completing the event
– Eddy Merckx holds the record for the most wins, seven, between 1966 and 1976
– The team with the most victories in the race is Bianchi – 17; first came in 1907, last one in 1974
– Italy leads the nations standings with 50 successes over the years, the last of which came in 2006
– Six-time winner of Milano-Sanremo, Costante Girardengo has the most podiums, 11
– Italian cyclists have taken the first three positions 34 times
– Longest winless streak of the home riders was between 1954 and 1970
– Youngest winner is Ugo Agostoni, 20 years and 252 days (1914); oldest one is Andrei Tchmil, 36 years and 57 days (1999)
– Wladimiro Panizza has the most starts in “La Primavera”, 18
– Four riders have won Milano-Sanremo while wearing the rainbow jersey: Alfredo Binda (1931), Eddy Merckx (1972, 1975), Felice Gimondi (1974) and Giuseppe Saronni (1983)
– The only winners from outside of Europe are Australia’s Matthew Goss and Simon Gerrans
– Sean Kelly is the last Grand Tour champion victorious in Milano-Sanremo (1992)
– Throughout history, the maximum distance of the race has never exceeded 298 kilometers
– The last year to witness a winner from a day-long breakaway was 1982, when Marc Gomez was part of a 20-man escape
– Gino Bartali holds the record for the longest time span between the first and last victory: 11 years
– Poggio was introduced on the course in 1960, when Gastone Nencini was the first rider at the top of the climb, while Cipressa featured for the first time in 1982
– Highest average speed was recorded in 1990: 45,806 km/h
– In 1909, the first bike change was allowed by the organisers
– 1954 is the year in which the race was shown live on television for the first time
– Biggest gap between first and second came in 1910, when Eugene Christophe got to the line 61 minutes ahead of Giovanni Cocchi
– Milano-Sanremo is the only Monument which hasn’t been won three years in a row by the same rider
– 25 teams (18 World Tour and 7 Pro Continental) will be at the start of the 108th edition
– Of these, Gazprom-RusVelo, Israel Cycling Academy, Nippo-Vini Fantini and Novo Nordisk are winless in 2018
– 31 nations will have at least one cyclist in the peloton, with Italy providing the most riders, 46
– Youngest rider in the race is Stepan Kurianov (21 years), while oldest one is Svein Tuft (40 years)
– Five former winners will line-up at the start: Mark Cavendish, Arnaud Démare, Alexander Kristoff, Michal Kwiatkowski and Filippo Pozzato
– Sam Brand, Giovanni Carboni, Nicolay Cherkasov, Damiano Cima, Evgeny Kobernyak, Stepan Kurianov, Jacopo Mosca, Marco Tizza and Aleksandr Vlasov are the nine neo-pros to make their debut in a Monument at “La Primavera”
– Of the riders at the start, Filippo Pozzato has the most participations: 15, including the one of this year
– Same Pozzato is the active rider with the most Monument starts: 48
– 4382 days have passed since the last triumph of the host nation
– The riders in Milano-Sanremo have won a combined total of 14 Monuments, 5 World Titles, 5 Grand Tours and more than 180 Grand Tour stages
|Name||Age||Team||Best result of the season|
|Julien Berard||30||AG2R||20th in Classic Loire Atlantique|
|Tom Boonen||36||Quick-Step Floors||Won Vuelta a San Juan stage 2|
|Alberto Cecchin||28||Willier-Selle Italia||3rd in Tour de Langkawi|
|Albert Contador||34||Trek-Segafredo||Won Vuelta a España stage 20|
|Berden De Vries||28||Roompot||2nd in stage 6 of 4 Jours de Dunkerque|
|Remy Di Gregorio||32||Delko Marseille||2nd in Tour of Almaty|
|Martin Elmiger||39||BMC||3rd in Tour du Poitou Charentes stage 4|
|Tyler Farrar||33||Dimension Data||65th in E3 Harelbeke|
|Andrea Fedi||26||Willier-Selle Italia||Won Trofeo Laigueglia|
|Benjamin Giraud||31||Delko Marseille||3rd in Tro-Bro Léon|
|Romain Guillemois||26||Direct Energie||10th in Route du Sud stage 1|
|Greg Henderson||40||UnitedHealthcare||11th in Tour of California stage 1|
|Jesus Hernandez||36||Trek-Segafredo||15th in Vuelta a España stage 8|
|Thierry Hupond||33||Delko Marseille||14th in Tour of Hainan|
|Martyn Irvine||32||Aqua Blue Sport||85th in Arctic Race of Norway stage 2|
|Fabrice Jeandesboz||32||Direct Energie||23rd in Tour du Gévaudan|
|Arnold Jeannesson||31||Fortuneo-Oscaro||2nd in Settimana Internazionale Coppi e Bartali stage 2|
|Romain Lemarchand||30||Delko Marseille||64th in Grand Prix de la Somme|
|Alberto Losada||35||Katusha||9th in Vuelta a España stage 8|
|Javier Megias||34||Novo Nordisk||5th in Grand Prix de Saguenay stage 3|
|Jens Mouris||37||Roompot||44th at the National ITT Championships|
|Danilo Napolitano||36||Wanty-Groupe Gobert||3rd in Tour de Poitou Charentes stage 1|
|Lars Petter Nordhaug||33||Aqua Blue Sport||42nd in Circuit de la Sarthe stage 1|
|Cedric Pineau||32||FDJ||46th in Route Adélie de Vitré|
|Ruben Pols||23||Sport Vlaanderen||22nd at the National ITT Championships|
|Christophe Premont||28||Verandas Willems||50th in Etoile de Bessèges stage 4|
|Manuel Quinziato||38||BMC||3rd in Giro d’Italia stage 21|
|Christophe Riblon||37||AG2R||8th in 4 Jours de Dunkerque stage 5|
|Jarl Salomein||28||Sport Vlaanderen||8th in GP de Fourmies|
|Andrew Talansky||28||Cannondale-Drapac||Won Tour of California stage 5|
|Albert Timmer||32||Sunweb||46th in Tour de France stage 20|
|Paolo Tiralongo||40||Astana||36th in Abu Dhabi Tour|
|Jurgen Van den Broeck||34||LottoNL-Jumbo||20th in Tour de Romandie stage 5|
|Martin Velits||32||Quick-Step Floors||32nd in Tour Down Under stage 1|
|Martijn Verschoor||32||Novo Nordisk||9th in Tour of Croatia stage 1|
|Frederik Veuchelen||39||Wanty-Groupe Gobert||25th at the National ITT Championships|
|Angel Vicioso||40||Katusha||42nd in GP Miguel Indurain|
|Thomas Voeckler||38||Direct Energie||4th in Tropicale Amissa Bongo stage 3|
|Jens Wallays||25||Sport Vlaanderen||19th in Paris-Camembert|
|Aydar Zakarin||23||Gazprom-RusVelo||38th in National RR Championships|
|Haimar Zubeldia||40||Trek-Segafredo||10th in Tour of California|
16.01-21.01 – Tour Down Under
28.01 – Cadel Evans Great Ocean Road Race
21.02-25.02 – Abu Dhabi Tour
24.02 – Omloop Het Nieuwsblad
03.03 – Strade Bianche
04.03-11.03 – Paris-Nice
07.03-13.03 – Tirreno-Adriatico
17.03 – Milan-Sanremo
19.03-25.03 – Volta a Catalunya
23.03 – E3 Harelbeke
25.03 – Gent-Wevelgem
28.03 – Dwars door Vlaanderen
01.04 – Ronde van Vlaanderen
02.04-07.04 – Vuelta al Pais Vasco
08.04 – Paris-Roubaix
16.04 – Amstel Gold Race
19.04 – Flèche Wallonne
23.04 – Liège-Bastogne-Liège
25.04-30.04 – Tour de Romandie
01.05 – Eschborn-Frankfurt
06.05-28.05 – Giro d’Italia
14.05-21.05 – Tour of California
04.06-11.06 – Critérium du Dauphiné
10.06-18.06 – Tour de Suisse
07.07-29.07 – Tour de France
29.07 – RideLondon Classic
04.08 – Clasica San Sebastian
13.08-19.08 – BinckBank Tour
19.08 – Cyclassics Hamburg
25.08-16.09 – Vuelta a España
26.08 – Bretagne Classic – Ouest-France
07.09 – Grand Prix de Quebec
09.09 – Grand Prix de Montreal
09.10-14.10 – Tour of Turkey
13.10 – Il Lombardia
16.10-21.10 – Tour of Guangxi
There’s no secret anymore that Pavel Sivakov is one of the strongest and most impressive riders on the U23 scene, but this doesn’t come as a surprise. All you need is a look over his incredible run this season and you understand why: between May 19 and July 16, he rode three stage races and won them all. When you see that those races were the prestigious Ronde de l’Isard, Girobio and Giro della Valle d’Aosta, you understand that this performance is a unique one in the amateur ranks and Pavel has a bright future ahead of him.
Only 20-years-old, Pavel has rose through the ranks in the past two seasons as a member of the BMC Development Team and is now one of the most sought-after youngsters, with several World Tour squads rumoured to have shown an interest in signing him after his remarkable exploits and versatility caught their eye. Despite this, the Russian’s main focus at the moment is on the Tour de l’Avenir, which last year he finished just outside the top 10 overall. If in 2016 he was only discovering the demanding French race, this time around he lines out at the start as one of the main contenders.
More about his goals for L’Avenir, his take on the parcours and the superb season he’s had so far, you can read in this interview which Pavel Sivakov gave for Cafe Roubaix before heading to France.
– Pavel, if anyone would have told you at the beginning of the year you’ll have such a terrific season, what would you have said?
I think I would have just laughed. I knew that I was able to win one of those races, but winning three in row is just something incredible! My ambitions were to take the victory in Liège–Bastogne–Liège and do a good Giro d’Italia. I failed on my first goal, but was able to succeed on achieving the other one. It’s a huge satisfaction to get the victory in a race you were targeting since last winter.
– Ronde de l’Isard, Girobio and Giro della Valle d’Aosta, that’s quite the palmares. Which of these victories makes you the most proud?
Definitely, the U23 Giro, it was an amazing feeling to finish at the top! It was also the hardest one, as the gaps on my rivals were really small and I took the pink jersey pretty early, so that meant extra daily pressure. My teammates worked hard and did a fantastic job from day one, so I just had to win it for them. It’s true that if I wouldn’t have won Ronde de l’Isard, then maybe I wouldn’t have had the same confidence coming to Italy. Same could be said about Giro della Valle d’Aosta; I went there without any pressure and did my race, as I knew I had the level required to do something there.
– Speaking of Girobio, how did you find the race which made its return to the calendar after several years of absence?
In my opinion, it’s one the biggest races of the year and to win it was such an honour. Girobio has a great history, high-caliber riders, a big fight every day and a flawless organization, all these making it one of the best races out there. Coming out on top in the U23 Giro d’Italia is the most important moment of my career and also the best, but I couldn’t have done it without the help of my team, who were amazing.
– Can there be room for regrets after such an incredible run?
No, I don’t have any regrets, all the mistakes I made in the first part of the season served as a good lesson for the rest of the year; it’s going really well at the moment and I’ll work to keep it that way.
– Your primary goal for the second part of the season is the Tour de l’Avenir. I assume you’re going there thinking of the win.
Tour de l’Avenir will be my last big goal of the season, so yes, I’m heading to the race to fight for the overall victory. I’m aware that I will be one of the favorites there and I will do my best to assume this status.
– What’s your opinion on the parcours? Do you feel you’re disadvantaged by the lack of an ITT?
The parcours is really interesting, we start in Bretagne and finish in the Alps by crossing France, so it’s like a mini Tour de France. I think it’s a really nice course, only thing missing is an individual time trial, which would have been perfect to take some time on the pure climbers. I guess the first couple of days will be very nervous and maybe even crucial, because we will ride through a part of France exposed to the wind, where some echelons can be made. The winner will have to be focused and at all times attentive. Of course, we’ll be in for some great battles in the Alps, but there’s a long road until there and anything can happen before the big mountains.
– Who do you expect to be your biggest challengers in France?
It’s hard to say, many riders and teams are capable of winning. This year, one of my biggest rivals is Bjorg Lambrecht, I think it’s a really good course for him but also for a guy like Egan Bernal. I would have liked an ITT to gain some time on them. The Australians have a very good team, so they too will be strong. Neilson Powless is another big contender and I guess he too would have like to have a stage against the clock, just like me. Of course, being at home, also the French will be a team to watch.
– And what other objectives you have for the closing part of the season?
I will try to get a good result at the World Championships in Bergen, which will be an interesting race, I’m sure of that. I’m also keen on racing the Piccolo Giro di Lombardia and help my teammates; they did so much for me this year and I just want to pay back the favour.
– The race was created in 1935 and saw Belgium’s Gustaaf Deloor take the victory in the inaugural edition
– Roberto Heras has the most overall wins, four (2000, 2003, 2004, 2005)
– Spain leads the nations standings (32), followed by France (9) and Belgium (7)
– Julian Berrendero (1942), Freddy Maertens (1977) and Tony Rominger (1994) have led the race from the first until the last stage
– Eight riders won the general classification without taking a stage along the way: Jean Dotto (1955), Rolf Wolfshohl (1965), Ferdinand Bracke (1971), Jose Pessarodona (1976), Marco Giovannetti (1990), Angel Casero (2001), Alejandro Valverde (2009) and Fabio Aru (2015)
– Agustin Tamames (1970), Domingo Perurena (1975), Hennie Kuiper (1976), Oscar Sevilla (2001) and Roberto Heras (2002) are the cyclists who lost the race in the last day
– Delio Rodriguez holds the record for the most stage wins, 39, which he got between 1941 and 1947
– Switzerland’s Alex Zülle has the most days spent in the leader’s jersey, 48
– Sean Kelly and Laurent Jalabert are the only riders to have won the points classification four times
– Jose Luis Laguia is the cyclist with the most victories in the mountains classification, which he took five times
– Iñigo Cuesta rode in 17 editions, an all-time record of the Vuelta
– Jose Vicente Garcia Acosta and Federico Echave have the most completed editions, 14
– Three riders from outside of Europe have won the trophy: Luis Herrera (Colombia), Alexandre Vinokourov (Kazakhstan) and Chris Horner (U.S.A.)
– Smallest ever time gap between first and second was recorded in 1984, when Eric Caritoux came home just six seconds ahead of Alberto Fernandez
– 1945 saw the biggest winning margin, with 30 minutes and 8 seconds separating Delio Fernandez and Julian Berrendero
– Spain’s Domingo Perurena is the only rider to lead the GC at six editions
– Freddy Maertens has the most stage wins at a single edition: 13 in 1977
– Lowest average speed was recorded in 1948: 25,72 km/h; highest average speed was in 2003: 42,5 km/h
– Longest drought without a GC win for the hosts was between 1991 and 1998
– The inaugural edition (1935) had the fewest number of stages, 14; the 1947 edition had the most number of stages, 24
– 34 countries gave at least a stage winner, while 22 nations had a cyclist at the top of the overall standings
– The three most visited cities are Madrid (119), Zaragoza (90) and Barcelona (89)
– Last world champion to take the victory in the race was Freddy Maertens, in 1977
– Angelino Soler is the youngest ever winner – 21 years and 166 days – while Chris Horner is the oldest one – 41 years and 327 days
– At first, the leader’s jersey was orange, then white, orange again, white with a red stripe, yellow, back to orange, yellow, gold and red
– There have been 1398 stages so far and 1368 leaders, because in 1948, Bernardo Ruiz and Julian Berrendero finished in a dead heat
– Delio Rodriguez holds the record for the most consecutive stage victories: six, in 1941
– Only two foreign countries have hosted the start of the Vuelta: Portugal (1997) and The Netherlands (2009)
– In 1995, the race saw a change of date, being moved from April to September
– 213 cyclists got to wear the leader’s jersey since the inception of the event
– 22 teams will ride this year’s edition (18 World Tour and 4 Pro Continental)
– Of these, only Caja Rural and Manzana Postobon are winless in the World Tour this season
– Aqua Blue Sport is set to become the first ever Irish team to race a Grand Tour
– The 72nd running of the race will cover 3297.7 kilometers and take the riders over 50 classified climbs
– Andorra and France are the two foreign countries which will be visited by the peloton
– The Vuelta will have eight new arrival locations: Nîmes, Gruissan. Grand Narbonne, Alcossebre, ElPozo Alimentación, Antequera, Tomares, Los Machucos. Monumento Vaca Pasiega and Santo Toribio de Liébana
– Sierra Nevada. Alto Hoya de la Mora – which will host the finish of stage 15 – is the highest point of this year’s race – 2510 meters
– Fabio Aru, Alberto Contador and Vincenzo Nibali are the former winners present at the start of the race
– Chris Froome will try to become the third rider in history, after Jacques Anquetil (1963) and Bernard Hinault (1978), to win the Tour de France and the Vuelta a España double in the same season
– The cyclists who’ll line up at the start have won a combined total of 16 Grand Tours, 6 Monuments and over 100 Grand Tour stages
– Lotto-Soudal’s Adam Hansen is racing his 19th consecutive Grand Tour, after completing the previous 18
– Hernan Aguirre, Hernando Bohorquez, Richard Carapaz, Ivan Cortina, Anass Ait El Abdia, Kilian Frankiny, Lennard Hofstede, Enric Mas, Remy Mertz, Antonio Nibali, Domen Novak, Fernando Orjuela, Juan Felipe Osorio, Rafael Reis, Aldemar Reyes, Nikita Stalnov, Bernardo Suaza and Jimmy Turgis are the 18 neo-pros who will make their debut in a Grand Tour
– Youngest cyclist in the race is Lennard Kämna (20 years), while Svein Tuft is the oldest one (40 years)
– Daniel Moreno is the rider with the most editions started (10) and completed (10)
– Spain is the country with the most competitors (31), followed by France and Italy, with 20 each
In: Manuel Belletti, Luca Chirico.
Out: Egan Bernal, Marco D’Urbano, Luca Pacioni.
In: Benoit Cosnefroy, Silvan Dillier, Tony Gallopin, Clément Venturini.
Out: Julien Berard, Julien Duval, Sondre Holst Enger, Hugo Houle, Domenico Pozzovivo, Christophe Riblon (retired).
Aqua Blue Sport
In: Shane Archbold, Eddie Dunbar, Casper Pedersen.
Out: Leigh Howard, Martyn Irvine (retired), Lars Petter Nordhaug (retired).
In: Magnus Cort, Omar Fraile, Yevgeniy Gidich, Jan Hirt, Hugo Houle, Davide Villella.
Out: Fabio Aru, Matti Breschel, Arman Kamyshev, Michele Scarponi (deceased), Paolo Tiralongo (retired).
In: Gorka Izagirre, Kristijan Koren, Matej Mohoric, Mark Padun, Hermann Pernsteiner, Domenico Pozzovivo.
Out: Janez Brajkovic, Ondrej Cink, Tsgabu Grmay, Jon Insausti, Javier Moreno.
In: Michael Bresciani, Giovanni Carboni, Andrea Guardini, Umberto Orsini, Daniel Savini, Manuel Senni.
Out: Nicola Boem, Nicolo Pacinotti, Stefano Pirazzi (fired after testing positive), Nicola Ruffoni (fired after testing positive), Simone Velasco, Edoardo Zardini.
In: Alberto Bettiol, Patrick Bevin, Simon Gerrans, Jurgen Roelandts, Nathan Van Hooydonck.
Out: Silvan Dillier, Martin Elmiger (retired), Floris Gerts, Ben Hermans, Amaël Moinard, Daniel Oss, Manuel Quinziato (retired), Samuel Sanchez (fired after testing positive), Manuel Senni.
In: Davide Formolo, Felix Grossschartner, Peter Kennaugh, Daniel Oss.
Out: Shane Archbold, Jan Barta, Silvio Herklotz, Jose Mendes.
In: Oscar Cabedo, Jesus Ezquerra, Adrian Gonzales, Silvio Herklotz, Victor Langellotti, Matvey Maykin, Jose Mendes, James Mitri, Diego Rubio, Nicolas Sessler, Jordi Simon.
Out: Manuel Arjona, Oscar Ayala, David Belda, Oscar Linares, Marco Rojos, Joan Ruiz.
In: Julen Amezqueta, Danilo Celano, Alvaro Cuadros, Mauricio Moreira, Cristian Rodriguez, Gonzalo Serrano, Joaquim Silva, Nelson Soto, Yannis Yssaad.
Out: David Arroyo, Chris Butler, Dylan Page, Eduard Prades, Jaime Roson, Diego Rubio, Hector Saez, Yuri Trofimov.
CCC Sprandi Polkowice
In: Amaro Antunes, Pawel Bernas, Pawel Cieslik, Pawel Franczak, Jonas Koch, Kamil Gradek, Marko Kump, Szymon Sajnok.
Out: Marcin Bialoblocki, Felix Grosschartner, Jan Hirt, Jakub Kaczmarek, Nikolay Mihaylov, Marcin Mrozek, Maciej Paterski, Simone Ponzi, Branislau Samoilau.
In: Jesus Herrada, Jose Herrada, Victor Lafay, Daniel Teklehaimanot, Bert Van Lerberghe.
Out: Yoann Bagot, Jerome Cousin, Florian Sénéchal, Jonas Van Genechten, Clément Venturini.
Delko-Marseille Provence KTM
In: Lucas De Rossi, Iuri Filosi, Przemyslaw Kasperkiewicz, Brenton Jones, Jeremy Laveau, Nikolay Mihaylov, Javier Moreno, Julien Trarieux.
Out: Asbjørn Kragh Andersen, Mikel Aristi, Benjamin Giraud (retired), Remy Di Gregorio (retired), Daniel Diaz, Martin Laas, Thierry Hupond (retired), Romain Lemarchand (retired), Quentin Pacher.
In: Scott Davies, Nicholas Dlamini, Amanuel Gebreigzabhier, Louis Meintjes, Tom-Jelte Slagter, Julien Vermote.
Out: Tylar Farrar (retired), Omar Fraile, Nathan Haas, Adrien Niyonshuti, Youcef Reguigui, Kristian Sbaragli, Daniel Teklehaymanot.
In: Jerome Cousin, Damien Gaudin, Axel Journiaux, Simon Sellier, Rein Taaramäe.
Out: Ryan Anderson, Bryan Coquard, Antoine Duchesne, Romain Guillemois (retired), Fabrice Jeandesboz (retired), Tony Hurel, Julien Morice, Thomas Voeckler (retired).
EF Education First-Drapac
In: Matti Breschel, Julian Cardona, Mitchell Docker, Kim Magnusson, Daniel Martinez, Dan McLay, Sacha Modolo, Daniel Moreno, Logan Owen.
Out: Alberto Bettiol, Patrick Bevin, Davide Formolo, Kristijan Koren, Ryan Mullen, Toms Skujiņš, Tom-Jelte Slagter, Andrew Talansky (retired), Davide Villella, Dylan Van Baarle, Wouter Wippert.
In: Jon Aberasturi, Mikel Aristi, Fernando Barcelo, Cyril Barthe, Julien Loubet, Eduard Prades, Sergio Rodriguez, Hector Saez, Sergio Samitier, Enrique Sanz.
Out: Imanol Estevez (retired), Pello Olaberria (retired), Adrian Gonzalez.
In: Warren Barguil, Michael Carbel, Romain Le Roux, Sindre Lunke, Jeremy Maison, Amaël Moinard, Clément Russo, Bram Welten.
Out: Erwann Corbel, Arnold Jeannesson (retired), Dan McLay, Francis Mourey, Eduardo Sepulveda, Boris Vallée.
In: Bruno Armirail, Antoine Duchesne, Valentin Madouas, Georg Preidler, Romain Seigle, Ramon Sinkeldam, Benjamin Thomas.
Out: Johan Le Bon, Arnaud Courteille, Odd Christian Eiking, Marc Fournier, Jeremy Maison, Lorrenzo Manzin, Cedric Pineau (retired), Kevin Reza.
In: Nicolai Cherkasov, Evgeny Kobernyak, Sergey Shilov, Aleksander Vlasov.
Out: Pavel Brutt, Artur Ershov, Sergey Nikolaev, Artem Ovechkin, Andrey Solomennikov, Kirill Sveshnikov, Alexey Tsatevitch, Anton Vorobyev, Aydar Zakarin (retired).
Hagens Berman Axeon
In: João Almeida, Mikkel Bjerg, Cole Davis, Zeke Mostov, Jasper Philipsen, Thomas Revard, Maikel Zijlaard.
Out: Adrien Costa (retired), Eddie Dunbar, Chris Lawless, Jhonatan Narvaez, Logan Owen, Neilson Powless.
In: Nicolai Brøchner, Evan Bybee, Andrew Dahleim, Bryan Gomez, Grant Koontz, Fabian Lienhard, Brayan Sanchez, Morgan Schmitt.
Out: Mac Brennan, Robin Carpenter, Oscar Clarke, Tyler Magner.
Israel Cycling Academy
In: Edwin Avila, Nathan Earle, Awet Gebremedhin, Sondre Holst Enger, Omer Goldstein, Ben Hermans, August Jensen, Guy Niv, Ruben Plaza, Kristian Sbaragli.
Out: Dan Craven, Jason Lowndes.
In: Ian Boswell, Steff Cras, Alex Dowsett, Matteo Fabbro, Nathan Haas, Marcel Kittel, Willie Smit.
Out: Sven Erik Bystrøm, Alexander Kristoff, Alberto Losada (retired), Matvei Mamykin, Michael Mørkøv, Rein Taaramäe, Angel Vicioso (retired).
In: Pascal Eenkhoorn, Sepp Kuss, Neilson Powless, Danny Van Poppel.
Out: Victor Campanaerts, Twan Castelijns, Martijn Keizer, Steven Lammertink, Jurgen Van den Broeck (retired), Alexey Vermeulen.
In: Victor Campanaerts, Jens Keukeleire, Bjorg Lambrecht, Lawrence Naesen.
Out: Kris Boeckmans, Sean De Bie, Bart De Clercq, Tony Gallopin, Jurgen Roelandts, Rafael Valls, Louis Vervaeke.
In: Fabio Duarte, Jordan Parra.
Out: Antonio Piedra.
In: Jack Bauer, Lucas Hamilton, Cameron Meyer, Mikel Nieve, Matteo Trentin.
Out: King Lok Cheung, Magnus Cort, Mitchell Docker, Simon Gerrans, Jens Keukeleire, Ruben Plaza.
In: Jaime Castrillo, Mikel Landa, Jaime Roson, Eduardo Sepulveda, Rafael Valls.
Out: Jonathan Castroviejo, Alex Dowsett, Jesus Herrada, Jose Herrada, Gorka Izagirre, Adriano Malori (retired), Daniel Moreno, Rory Sutherland.
In: Joan Bou, Damiano Cima, Imerio Cima, Sho Hatsuyama, Hiroki Nishimura, Simone Ponzi, Marco Tizza, Filippo Zaccanti.
Out: Julian Arredondo, Iuri Filosi, Yuma Koishi.
In: Sam Brand, Emanuel Mini.
Out: Javier Megias (retired), Martijn Verschoor (retired).
In: Alvaro Hodeg, Fabio Jakobsen, James Knox, Michael Mørkøv, Jhonatan Narvaez, Florian Sénéchal, Elia Viviani.
Out: Jack Bauer, Tom Boonen (retired), Gianluca Brambilla, David De La Cruz, Marcel Kittel, Dan Martin, Matteo Trentin, Martin Velits (retired), Julien Vermote.
In: Ryan Anderson, Robin Carpenter, Nigel Ellsay, Tyler Magner, Kyle Murphy.
Out: Shane Kline, Sepp Kuss, Thomas Soladay, Curtis White.
In: Floris Gerts, Jan-willem Van Schip, Robert De Greef, Wouter Wippert.
Out: Berden De Vries (retired), Raymond Kreder, André Looij, Jens Mouris (retired), Martijn Tusveld.
In: Egan Bernal, Leonardo Basso, Jonathan Castroviejo, David De La Cruz, Kristoffer Halvorsen, Chris Lawless, Pavel Sivakov, Dylan Van Baarle.
Out: Ian Boswell, Peter Kennaugh, Mikel Landa, Mikel Nieve, Danny Van Poppel, Elia Viviani.
In: Robbe Ghys, Milan Menten, Emiel Planckaert, Matthias Van Gompel, Aaron Verwilst, Jordi Warlop.
Out: Eliot Lietaer, Ruben Pols (retired), Jarl Salomein (retired), Stijn Steels, Bert Van Lerberghe, Jens Wallays (retired).
In: Jay Hindley, Michael Storer, Edward Theuns, Martijn Tusveld, Louis Vervaeke.
Out: Warren Barguil, Bert De Backer, Sindre Lunke, Georg Preidler, Ramon Sinkeldam, Albert Timmer (retired), Zico Waeytens.
In: Gianluca Brambilla, Nicola Conci, Niklas Eg, Tsgabu Grmay, Alex Frame, Ryan Mullen, Toms Skujiņš.
Out: André Cardoso (fired after testing positive), Marco Coledan, Alberto Contador (retired), Jesus Hernandez (retired), Edward Theuns, Haimar Zubeldia (retired).
UAE Team Emirates
In: Fabio Aru, Sven Erik Bystrøm, Alexander Kristoff, Dan Martin, Aliaksandr Riabushenko, Rory Sutherland.
Out: Andrea Guardini, Marko Kump, Louis Meintjes, Sacha Modolo, Matej Mohoric, Federico Zurlo.
In: Eric Marcotte, Serghei Tvetcov, Hugo Velazquez.
Out: Greg Henderson (retired), Daniel Summerhill.
In: Sean De Bie, Mathias De Witte, Senne Leysen, Stijn Steels, David Tanner, Zico Waeytens.
Out: Gaëtan Bille, Timothy Dupont, Christophe Premont (retired), Otto Vergaerde.
In: Yoann Bagot, Kris Boeckmans, Bryan Coquard, Erwann Corbel, Arnaud Courteille, Bert De Backer, Corentin Ermenault, Adrien Garel, Johan Le Bon, Marc Fournier, Steven Lammertink, Jeremy Lecroq, Lorrenzo Manzin, Julien Morice, Justin Mottier, Patrick Müller, Quentin Pacher, Kevin Reza, Tanguy Turgis, Jonas Van Genechten.
In: Bart De Clercq, Timothy Dupont, Odd Christian Eiking, Boris Vallée.
Out: Kenny Dehaes, Guillaume Levarlet, Danilo Napolitano (retired), Robin Stenuit, Frederik Veuchelen (retired).
WB-Veranclassic Aqua Pro
In: Kenny Dehaes, Eliot Lietaer, Julien Mortier, Franklin Six.
Out: Tom Dernies, Roy Jans, Lawrence Naesen, Olivier Pardini.
In: Simone Bevilacqua, Marco Coledan, Luca Pacioni, Luca Raggio, Massimo Rosa, Simone Velasco, Edoardo Zardini.
Out: Julen Amezqueta, Rafael Andriato, Manuel Belletti, Alberto Cecchin (retired), Andrea Fedi (retired), Daniel Martinez, Cristian Rodriguez.